“Personalized and Pervasive Healthcare’ – Rajeev Kanth
I am Rajeev Kanth. I am from University of Turku, Finland. Originally I’m from Nepal. I’m living there since the last 5 or 6 years. Last year, 2013 December, I graduated from Department of Information and Technology in the University of Turku. Now I’m working as a post-doctorate researcher there. My research interest includes internal modeling, designs, and now presently I’m working with E-Health systems, IOT systems, how we can use the information and communication technologies in the personalize and persuasive healthcare systems.
So the topic of my presentation is information and communication systems technology impacts on personalized and pervasive healthcare, a technological survey. The outline of my presentation includes the introduction, how from the 1970’s, how the personalized and pervasive healthcare system influences the information and communication technologies. What is the present state of art? This I will discuss a little about. The present state of art. What’s the thinking of people now-a-days and what’s the technology-wise … How it’s going. We have, actually, submitted some proposals to U-funding for IOT and E-Health so this is basically based on some access point architecture. That is used off access point and what’s to say that implants … The sensors implanted in a body will give signals to the access points and access points will send all those useful data to the cloud and that is more home-centric than the hospital-centric. So I will discuss later about the purposed architecture including the overall architecture and how our system utilized in that architecture. At last I will discuss the summary and conclusion.
The information and communications technology … So this … In the recent years information and communication technology has been playing a vital role in almost all the sectors of human development, including healthcare, education, transportation, and infrastructure development. Now-a-days people are thinking that instead of going to the hospitals they are thinking in-home solutions for their monitoring and tracking systems. Wireless communication systems and state-of-art technology in body area sensor networks. We have recently developed some antenna’s which can be used … And that antenna’s made on paper substrate. It’s very sustainable. The parts are the substrate and the tracing patterns were used with inkjet printing technologies with the collaboration of KTH, that is University of Turku and Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden. We are doing some research on printer electronics.
The objective is to build a robust, privacy compliant, accurate, and cost-effective system that facilitates monitoring of patient status, patient activity and compliance’s with the therapy. One more, the proposed system will be capable in developing patient-oriented services to support patient empowerment, self-care adherence, care plans and a treatment at the point of need.
In this slide we see how chronological development of information and technology developments from 1970 til now. If we see in 1970’s the magnetic resonance emerging, CT scanner, national hospital information infrastructures have been developed, fiber optics. From 1980’s, the use of machines becoming more popular for the patient monitoring and tracking, or the record keeping, we used to use the computers. In 1990’s, the body area networks have been developed, senses technology, internet-centric technology. From 2000 icity and healthcare, EMS, WIMS. We are able to have health electronics and bio-chips. The present, the cyber physical system, patient monitor tracking system, mobile apps and electronic medical research for computing and the tablet … Actually, we proposed one idea. Idea of using one devices … the person shouldn’t need to go to hospital all the time. Their all activities should be monitored and connected with the doctors at the hospital when he is at home.
The present state of art is the … Now we are moving towards the hospital-centric to the home-centric. The limited hospital resources can be used for other emergency care services and other [inaudible 00:06:57] disease, continuous and seamless healthcare services in home environment. Another present state-of-art is the emerging flexible and wearable sensors. New materials, biological sensing technology and wireless communication. Bio-patches developed based on heterogeneous integration technology. Flexible and stretchable electronics. These days these flexible and stretchable electronics is quite used in different scenarios. Cyber-physical systems and big data analysis. Now this is a big challenge now-a-days and in our design what we did is there is a big data while monitoring or tracking the patient’s data so what we devised is, in the access point, we have … The access point is simply not that different from the simple wireless router but it has capability to pre-process the data so that the data, after going to the cloud, it doesn’t need more processing. This is a full-computing concept.
The approach is … This is the improved access point. Improved access point in the sense that this access point should have some memory. It also has security plans, how the healthy data and the patient’s data are secure. Also they have 4 complete process, pre-processing devices. That’s why we call it intelligent access point or the improved access point. From one side there are sensors, that is sensors come from the body, implanted senors, and the data send to the cloud and automatically from the cloud to the internet the person can see their status.
The overall scenario is long-term continuous monitoring devices for the health care applications. Wearable biomedical healthcare devices to continuously monitor vital biological signals. Transmitting signals to the hospital’s data servers, personal mobile phones, and the cloud. Enable a more environmentally friendly technology to fabricate sensors, batteries displace, and transistors. The innovation, market relevance, and the business behind this concept is an innovation, long-term, continuous monitoring devices for healthcare applications, new patient-centric approach, seamlessly integrate traditional high performance silicone chip with emerging printed electronics, data management, processing interpretation, optimize storage and transfer, the high accuracy and final resolution of integration approach.
The market relevance is the system will be sensors, it has two parts and those two parts are very sustainable in nature because the one part you can use … That is we can reuse that, establishment of inter-quality standards and secular seamless communication of personal health data among the partners, disposable and environmental friendly.
The business impact would be the innovative solutions application in the field of present monitoring and tracking. This is what … One is the power budget architecture. The total power required for this is power condenses the sensor. This has different levels so in all of front and all the traditional converter requires, micro-controller DSP and the video communication so this is the total power. These are the powers required. We tried to make it very low power. Extremely low power and that is I think one point to goal. The total power budget for the entire system is the logical sum of power [inaudible 00:11:49] in each and every component. There is one paper, our paper published in Solid State Conference. You can see that, this is the bio-patch implementation where we have used the 0.18 meter standards. The most technologies having silicone area 1.5mm to 3mm and it condemns 20 micro-watt, though it’s not nano-watt. Power is 1.12 whole power supply.
In conclusion, we have reviewed the sequences, development of information and communication technology from early 1970’s to present date and attempted to justify how technical advances really transformed the entire healthcare system and the world. We have proposed a new approach of efficient and effective healthcare services and this whole proposal have been submitted for the review for this proposal, U-funding, horizon 2020 funding. We are waiting for the results. Let’s see how it goes. Thank you very much.